The term "information technology" (IT) is frequently used to refer to all aspects of computing in its most general sense. The field of information technology (IT) is relatively new, but it is expanding at a rapid rate. It was initially developed as a grassroots response to the practical, day-to-day needs of businesses and other organizations. Over the last decade, the discipline has evolved within the academic space with stakeholders such as Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) and the Society for Information Technology Education (SITE) working to define and model a curriculum for the IT discipline. This study uses the systematic literature review methodology to understand the phases of development of the discipline of Information Technology. The study examined twenty-five (25) primary studies and found that the discipline was carved out of other computing disciplines such as Information Systems, Computer Engineering, and Computer Science which are offered in higher education institutions with the first approved undergraduate program starting in 1992. Our study also revealed that the discipline has seen significant growth regarding the undergraduate level as compared to graduate and postgraduate levels.
Author: Emmanuel Kojo Gyamfi & Mustapha Yakubu